ict - information communication technology Merging of computing and high-speed communications links carrying data, sound and video.
informatics A discipline developed from the synergy between software engineering, mathematics, computer science and, in the case of the pharmaceutical industry, scientific data. Informatics is not a feature in company discovery, development and commercialisation programmes.
information A collection of data that has been organised within a context and translated into a structure that conveys meaning.
information assets Collections of information which can be exploited by the organisation for business value.
information audit A process which reviews and maps organisational information need, creation, use, flow, and storage; identifies gaps, duplication, costs; and value; and uncovers the barriers to effective information flow. (See also Knowledge Audit).
information management An umbrella term for the various activities that contribute to the effective production, co-ordination, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information, in whatever format, and from internal or external sources, leading to the more efficient functioning of the organisation.
information mining Tools and techniques for finding and analysing electronic textual information stores designed to identify trends and patterns within the data/information. (See Data Mining)
information overload A state where the individual is no longer able effectively to process and make use of the amount of information to which he or she is exposed.
information quality Measures of the reliability, accuracy, currency and usability of information.
infostructure The information, technology and communication architectures that enable the effective creation of information and dissemination of information for re-use.
innovation capital Renewal strength in a company, expressed as protected commercial rights, intellectual property, and other intangible assets.
intangible asset The non-financial assets of an organisation which contribute to its success.
intellectual capital The sum of human capital and structural capital.
intellectual property Intellectual assets that qualify for legal or commercial protections e.g. patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets.
it - information technology IT is a term that encompasses the physical elements of computing, including servers, networks and desktop computing and enables digital information to be created, stored, used and shared.
it literacy To realise the inherently value of an asset, physical or knowledge-based; beyond what is currently exploited.


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